Beer Tasting 101

Mirella Amato judging beer

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Why bother?

There are many different ways to enjoy beer. It’s fun to share a pitcher of beer with friends; it’s great to have a beer with meals. A crisp Pilsner can be refreshing after a long day, while a rich Barley Wine can bring warmth to a cold one.

Taking the time to really taste the beer in front of you, however, can open the door to a whole different level of enjoyment. It is true that beers are usually crafted for drinkability, yet they often have a complexity of flavour that is available to the drinker who is willing to stop and savour.

So why bother? Because life is for living, and the more you enjoy every moment, the more you enrich your life. Just like every other food you taste, if you pay more attention to the beers you drink, you will begin to understand which flavours you like and what styles you prefer. As you continue to explore, you will really start to appreciate the complexity of flavour that can be found…

Where to start?

Tasting and describing beer can seem like a daunting task. A great tool to have on hand, at any level, is a beer tasting sheet. The Beerology® Beer Evaluation Sheet is designed to help drinkers describe beer thoroughly and develop vocabulary and confidence. It’s available as a free download on the sidebar to the left in English, French or Spanish.

Relax & enjoy!

Formal beer tasting sessions, with a guide or a group of friends, are informative and fun. However, beer appreciation can also be a simple pastime. It can be as easy as taking the time to notice the flavours in every beer you drink. Here are a few general rules to keep in mind:

1. Make sure your beer isn’t too cold.

If a beer is very cold, it is a lot harder to taste. It’s a good idea to pull your beer out of the fridge 15 minutes early (or you can always take your time drinking it!)

2. Always pour the beer into a glass.

This releases the aromas, as well as the CO2, and will make it a lot easier to taste the full flavour of the beer.

3. Relax and Enjoy:

Taking a moment to smell your beer and linger on your first sip will make every beer a rewarding experience.

Taste and Savour

This section outlines basic beer-tasting technique, and what to look for. The Beerologybeer evaluation sheet provides some helpful guidelines and terminology, and can be downloaded to have beer-tasting sessions at home, at the pub, or to record personal impressions.


Raise your glass, and take a moment to appreciate the appearance of the beer in front of you. Although colour and clarity aren’t necessarily an indication of the beer’s quality, the look of any given beer was crafted intentionally and is an integral part of the drinking experience. The colour chart on the Beerologybeer evaluation sheet provides common beer colour descriptors.  The clarity of a beer can vary from brilliant to cloudy. Head can tell you a bit more about the beer. Beers that aren’t extreme in their alcohol content should have good head retention (the foam doesn’t collapse immediately). Head retention often indicates a well-crafted beer, made with quality ingredients. As you drink your beer, look for lace-like pattern (left by the foam) on the sides of your glass. This is known as Belgian lace and is another indication of good quality.


Smelling your beer is one of the most important steps in beer tasting. Our sense of smell informs the way we taste things, opening up a complexity of flavours to the palate. If the beer has no discernable aroma, agitate it by swirling it around in your glass. This will release some carbonation, which will carry the aroma up to your nose. It is always easiest to start with a general impression: how intense is the aroma? Is it sweet (malt aroma), sharp (hop aroma), or a balance of different notes? If you like, you can then take the time to identify more specific aromas in the beer. The Beerologybeer evaluation sheet provides some common aroma descriptors. Of course, it is always important to note whether you like the aroma of the beer or not!


The flavour of a beer should be a natural continuation of the aroma. There are a few added dimensions that will appear, most notably bitterness. Swirl the beer around in your mouth before swallowing it. Take a note of any flavours you taste, compare these flavours to other flavours you know. Does this beer remind you of anything? If you like, take a look at the Beerologybeer evaluation sheet and see if the beer contains any of the common beer characters listed. Again, it is helpful to note the intensity of the flavour, the balance between sweetness and bitterness, and your general impressions.


Another component of flavour is mouthfeel. Mouthfeel refers to the texture and weight of the beer, as opposed to the actual taste. High alcohol beer can have a warming quality, not unlike hard alcohol, while bitter beers can sometimes be astringent. The weight, or body, of beer can also vary from being light and watery, to being full and heavy. Another interesting thing to notice is the carbonation level, since it varies between different beers. Ask yourself: is this carbonation level pleasant or distracting?


The final component of flavour is finish. Take a moment to pause between sips. Does the flavour of the beer linger, or is the finish short? The after-taste can be sweet or bitter, and can take on many flavours, either in succession or all at once. Also notice the intensity of the finish. The finish of a beer depends greatly on the style in which it is brewed. The most important thing to note is: do you want to take another sip?

General Impression

Having taken a few moments to appreciate the various aspects of the beer in front of you, it is always a good idea to summarize your impressions of the beer. Were the flavours really lively and well balanced, or did they fall flat? Did the beer have a very fresh quality to it, or do you suspect that it was stale? Finally, take a moment to decide how much you liked the beer. Just because it was very flavourful and fresh, doesn’t mean that it was to your taste! Feel free to take more notes and share your impressions with friends.